Biological Surveys
Botanical Surveys (1986-present)
Clients: National Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and many others

Survey and Manage Fungi Surveys (2010-present)
Client: Medford and Lakeview Districts BLM

Red Tree Vole Surveys, Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline (2010-2013)
Client: Williams Pipeline, Edge Environmental Inc.

Biological Survey Design and Project Management
Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline Corridor, Biological Resource Surveys (2007-2014)
Clients: Williams Pipeline, Edge Environmental Inc.

Ecological Restoration Design and Planning
Lower Snake River Restoration Planting Design (2011-2013)
Client: US Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District

NEPA Support
Eddy Gulch Late-Successional Reserve Fuels/Habitat Protection Project, EIS & Field Surveys (2007-2009)
Client: Klamath National Forest

GIS/ Mapping Services
Plant Association Mapping, Biscuit Fire, Southwest Oregon (2005)
Clients: Grants Pass Resource Area, Medford District BLM

Ecological Monitoring
FireMon Forest and Fuels Monitoring (2005-2014)
Clients: Josephine County, Medford District BLM

Rangeland Evaluation and Monitoring (1993-1996, 2007-2014)
Client: Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest

Post-Fire Monitoring of Darlingtonia Fens in the Siskiyou Mountains (2004)
Client: Rogue-River Siskiyou National Forest

Native Seed Collection
Restoration Seed Collection (2009-2012)
Client: Olympic National Forest

Restoration Seed Collection (2009-2012)
Client: Vale District BLM

Global Climate Change Study (2010-2011)
Client: Univeristy of Oregon

Seeds of Success Seed Collection (2009-2010)
Client: Medford District BLM

Vernal Pool Mitigation Seed Collection (2009-2012)
Client: Oregon Department of Transportation

Rogue River Restoration (2012-ongoing)
Client: Fresh Water Trust

 

SBS has completed hundreds of projects for a variety of clients.
A few of them are listed to the left.

Botanical Surveys (1986-present)

Clients:
National Forests: Rogue River-Siskiyou, Umpqua, Siuslaw, Gifford Pinchot, Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie, Plumas, Lassen, Six Rivers, Arapaho-Roosevelt
Bureau of Land Management Districts: Medford, Lakeview, Roseburg, Coos Bay
Other Clients: City of Jacksonville, Oregon, Army Corp of Engineers, Boise Cascade, Edge Environmental, Inc., JBR Environmental Consultants, Inc.

Since 1986, SBS staff have conducted surveys for many species of a rare plants, lichens, and bryophytes for the US Forest Service, US Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and other clients. SBS personnel have completed more than 230 contracts with various government agencies conducting surveys for rare plants and noxious weeds in botanically complex regions. These surveys have covered hundreds of thousands of acres in the Cascade, Siskiyou, Sierra Nevada, and Rocky Mountains, resulting in thousands of previously undocumented rare plant populations and making significant contributions to the body of botanical knowledge of the West's unique flora. SBS managers Richard Brock and Richard Callagan have been conducting surveys since federal agencies began contracting plant surveys in 1986. These decades of experience have contributed to a detailed knowledge of Western North America's geography and botanical diversity. SBS works closely with agency personnel to make sure the surveys are conducted on schedule, within the proper phenology of the target species, and providing all required documentation and deliverables including reports, maps, in situ photo documentation, and species lists complete and on time.

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Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline Corridor, Biological Resource Surveys (2007-2014)
Clients: Williams Pipeline, Edge Environmental

SBS has managed and conducted botanical and biological surveys for a proposed 230-mile utility pipeline corridor from Coos Bay to Klamath County, Oregon. This highly complex project has involved many plant and wildlife target species, varying regulations on federal, state, and private lands, and complex logistics. Management of this project requires effective communication between SBS, the prime contractor (Edge Environmental), personnel from numerous federal agencies, numerous teams of wildlife biologists, and property owners along the corridor. SBS designed and has implemented the survey protocols for Northern Spotted Owls, Great Gray Owls, and Marbled Murrelets, consulting with US Fish and Wildlife Service to assure that the survey strategies continue to meet all requirements. SBS has conducted surveys for Sensitive, Strategic, and Survey and Manage listed plants, mosses, and lichens on federal lands throughout the corridor. Our mycology team recently completed the two-year protocol surveys for Survey and Manage fungi. In addition, our wildlife team conducted Survey and Manage surveys for terrestrial mollusks and red tree voles. We used GIS to identify suitable habitat and to provide on site data to manage logistics. SBS staff has provided and managed multiple crews of field biologists from 2007 through 2013 in providing comprehensive surveys for all species of concern throughout the length of the corridor.

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Survey and Manage Fungi Surveys (2011-present)
Client: Medford and Lakeview Districts BLM

Since the fall of 2011, when federal agencies resumed surveys for Survey and Manage fungi, SBS has been conducting fungi surveys for the Medford District BLM and on the Lakeview BLM, Klamath Falls Resource Area. Seasonal survey quantity has ranged from 944 acres in fall 2011 to 3400 in fall 2013. Each survey area receives two survey visits two to three weeks apart each season (spring and fall) as described in the most recent version of the Sporocarp Survey Protocol for Macrofungi (Van Norman, K. and R. Huff. 2012). Since the fall of 2011, SBS has documented more than 1,400 observations of Survey and Manage fungi. The SBS fungi team is outfitted with dissecting and compound microscopes, chemical agents for testing fungal reactions, and a wealth of reference material required for identifying species within this complex group of organisms. We regularly hold group lab sessions to share discoveries and work together on difficult to identify specimens.

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Red Tree Vole Surveys, Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline (2007-2013)
Client: Williams Pipeline, Edge Environmental Inc.

SBS has conducted both mesic and xeric surveys for Red Tree Voles (RTV) within approximately 1000 acres of late successional and old growth forests through western Oregon. SBS proviced the initial habitat analysis to determine which areas within the proposed pipeline corridor qualified as potential RTV habitat. Next, SBS teamed with its client/ partner to developed a survey approach to satisfy the complex objectives of the Fish and Wildlife Service and project parameters. Over four of the following six years, SBS provided qualified biologists to conduct ground surveys and canopy surveys to obtain an accurate census of RTV presence throughout the project corridor. This may represent the largest census of RTV within late successional and old growth forests accomplished to date. The climbing task and associated risks required highly technical equipment and expertise, plus the biological knowledge and adeptness to perform survey work up to 200' in the canopy of old growth trees. The high volume of trees needing climbing offset by the ever present need for safety made this project a great test in competence, perseverance, and leadership.

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Lower Snake River Restoration Planting Design (2011-2013)
Clients: Applied Earthworks, US Army Corps of Engineers

SBS was part of a multi-party team headed by Applied EarthWorks, Inc. that provided natural and cultural resource support services for the US Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, for proposed riparian enhancement projects along three reservoirs on the Lower Snake River. Comprising the Native Planting Design Team on the project, SBS designed a range of planting alternatives for various conditions at numerous sites along the project corridor. We conducted background research to thoroughly understand the environmental conditions in the Project Area. We also conducted fieldwork in the project area at numerous Habitat Management Units documenting the conditions at each site and devising restoration strategies. We presented our planting designs in GIS-generated maps showing planting polygons associated with tables of planting schedules containing the range of species, quantity, and spacing to be used. Each polygon was associated with one of three hydrologic zones delineated along the margins of the reservoirs. These designs were accompanied by a thorough report outlining the landscape conditions, specific challenges and associated strategies, site specific descriptions of current conditions and revegetation approaches, and monitoring approaches to measure success.

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Restoration Seed Collection (2010-2012)
Client: Olympic National Forest

SBS provided forest wide seed collection for each of the four districts of the forest. The initial phase involved mapping collectable sources of specified native grass seed throughout the road systems each district. A timetable of collection dates was set up based on projected ripeness dates as observed from phenology. Seed collection was conducted based on this timetable with target weights of seed collected to meet the governments requirements. Seed was then cleaned to uniform purity, dried down by air drying on screens (to avoid possible molding), packaged, labeled, and then shipped to the governments growers for restoration seed increasing. The government provides a third party testing for purity, contamination, and viability. All the seed was accepted as satisfactorily meeting these objectives.

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Restoration Seed Collection (2008-2012)
Client: Vale District BLM

SBS has provided several native seed collection crews to harvest native grass and forb species used to restore wildlife habitat of eastern Oregon and southeastern Washington. These projects have involved locating the target species in harvestable quantities within vast areas of degraded landscapes. In some cases, wildfires and over grazing have reduced the prospective seed source areas to very isolated pockets of intact native plants in the midst of vast "oceans" of weedy annual species. The logistics involved to locate these isolated seed pockets and great distances mobilizing between collection areas; all performed in a timely manner that successfully obtains the target quantities of seed desired by the government within the often narrow windows of ripeness demonstrate a high degree of expertise and commitment to meeting the harvest objectives.

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Global Climate Change Study (2009-2011)
Client: University of Oregon

This project involved locating very specific oak savannah forb species from valley bottomlands. Many of these species occur in small, scattered quantities, and have very short periods between ripeness before seed shatter occurs. In addition, there are many closely related species where a high degree of botanical expertise is required to distinguish between the seed of similar species when only the seed is available for examination. In many cases only a few grams of seed were desired; however, obtaining those quantities was often very challenging without disturbing the ecological integrity of sources where habitat fragmentation and weed invasion had already reduced potential seed sources to mere fragments of their former sizes. In the end, SBS was able to provide the full palette of seed targeted for collection by this research team.

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Seeds of Success Native Seed Collection (2009-2012)
Client: Medford District BLM

SBS was awarded a contract to collect a minimum of 10,000 seeds each from 70 species of native trees, shrubs, grasses, and forbs in Southwest Oregon as part of the nationwide Seeds of Success program. This program has targeted "banking seed" of nearly the entire flora of the United States. Seed from Southern Oregon flora is coordinated by the Medford BLM. This complex project required locating seed sources, setting a collection timetable for each species, and organizing the collecting of large quantities of viable seed using environmentally sustainable methods that preserve healthy seed sources for natural regeneration from numerous ecotypes and seed zones throughout Southwest Oregon. Project managers monitored seed development at numerous sites and dispatched team members to collect seed within the, often narrow, window of opportunity. Regular communication with agency personnel, accurate identification of plant species, careful tracking of species phenology, complex scheduling, and flexibility among the SBS crew have been the keys to the success of this project.

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Vernal Pool Mitigation Seed Collection (2009-2012)
Client: Oregon Department of Transportation

SBS provided native, locally-sourced seed for an ODOT vernal pool mitigation site in Central Point, Oregon. This multi-year project, involving more than 40 species, involved mapping collectable locations, daily monitoring of seed development, and the mobilization and management of workers collecting seed at numerous locations within the Agate Desert area of the Rogue Valley. SBS conducted preliminary cleaning of each species' seed, documented the species, collection location, and dates, and prepared each species collection for submission to ODOT.

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Middle Rogue River Watershed Restoration Seed Collection
(2012 ongoing through 2020)

Client: Freshwater Trust

SBS has been a part of the restoration team for this project since 2012 and anticipates continuing to participate through the duration until completed about 2020. SBS supplies native riparian seed used to produce the shrubs and trees planted along the shorelines of the Rogue River and its major tributaries. Trees and shrubs are being used to create shade that will ultimately lower the water temperatures for the health and success of the struggling native fisheries. SBS has teamed with a local small nursery to produce these plants from local seed sources best adapted to the conditions they will encounter once planted.

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FireMon Forest and Fuels Monitoring (2005-2018)
Clients: Josephine County, Medford District BLM

FireMon, a Fire Effects Monitoring and Inventory System used across the country, is a plot level sampling system designed to characterize changes in ecosystem attributes over time. In the short term, it is being used to monitor the changes in forest characteristics resulting from fuels reduction treatments. Since 2005, SBS has gathered data from more than 300 data plots in Southwest Oregon. Forest biometric data gathered include an inventory of trees (including species, diameter, height, age, health, number of seedlings and saplings, etc.), fuel load (measured through a series of transects), species composition, and relative abundance. SBS is under contract to continue this monitoring through 2018. SBS maintains close communication with agency personnel and reviewed data gathered by each worker to assure a high level of consistency and data quality.

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Post-Fire Monitoring of Darlingtonia Fens in the Siskiyou Mountains (2004)
Client: Rogue River - Siskiyou National Forest

Two years after the Biscuit Fire burned through much of the Siskiyou National Forest, SBS contributed to a study of Darlingtonia fens, a unique habitat of the region harboring many rare species. The study was developed to support the establishment of an interagency strategy for the conservation of five plant Species of Concern whose primary habitat is the serpentine Darlingtonia fens. The study contributed to an understanding of how serpentine fen communities respond to fire. SBS established permanent transects and gathered data at ten fens in various parts of the Biscuit Fire burn area on the Siskiyou National Forest. Data collected included a wide variety of biotic and abiotic variables to characterize each fen and document their status following the fire.

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Plant Association Mapping, Biscuit Fire, Southwest Oregon (2005)
Clients: Grants Pass Resource Area, Medford District BLM

Two years after the Biscuit Fire burned through 500,000 acres of the Siskiyou Mountains, SBS was awarded a contract to map plant associations in the portion of the fire area managed by the Medford BLM, Grants Pass Resource Area. Using the Forest Service's Field Guide to Forested Plant Associations of Southwest Oregon, SBS mapped the complex vegetation in this botanically rich area over thousands of acres. We gathered data via relevé plots, mapped the plant associations on topographic maps and aerial photos, and transferred the mapped polygons to GIS. Our final product was a GIS shapefile of the mapped plant associations. Data from this work was used to better assess reforestation needs and inform management decisions.

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Rangeland Evaluation and Monitoring (1993-1996, 2007-2012)
Client: Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest

SBS began performing grazing allotment evaluations in 1994 for the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest. From 1994-1996 SBS managers, Richard Brock and Richard Callagan, completed evaluations within five grazing allotments including establishment of permanent monitoring plots in key primary range locations. Important findings included the determination of the effects of an expanding elk herd on the forage resources. In 2006-2007 and again 2009-2013 under two separate contracts, we have re-measured these permanent plots and many others on neighboring allotments and analyzed change in range condition and composition. We have also established many new permanent plots. This monitoring system includes an inventory of all species at each plot, measuring total and relative frequency, photo point monitoring, and gathering a variety of abiotic data along radiating transects around a permanent transect anchor. Many plots are located in botanically complex areas at middle to upper elevations in the Siskiyou and Cascade Mountains. This kind of long term monitoring is essential to understand the trends in our rangelands. SBS is known for its high level of completeness and accuracy in conducting this type of monitoring.

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Eddy Gulch Late-Successional Reserve Fuels/Habitat Protection Project, EIS & Field Surveys. (2007-2009)
Client: Klamath National Forest; RED, Inc.

The 60,000 acre Eddy Gulch Late-Successional Reserve Fuels and Habitat Protection Project is located in the Klamath Range of Northern California, on a diversity of forest types in the Klamath National Forest. The Forest chose to contract the entire project, from initial project development to final NEPA documentation, to a private contract team and SBS was chosen as the botany lead. SBS prepared NEPA-related documents including the Biological Assessment/Biological Evaluation, and the Draft and Final Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) for rare plants and noxious weeds. We also designed and conducted botanical field surveys and assisted in the development of the project's final proposed action. The Final EIS document received wide public support.

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Copyright Siskiyou BioSurvey 2014